10+ yr-old wild American ginseng root vs. 3 yr-old cultivated Wisconsin ginseng root
J.C. has deep experiences with American ginseng from farming to grading ginsengs. Any opinions expressed in this blog are his.
- Ginseng saponins content increase more dramatically between year 1 and 4
- Ginseng plants grown in tough environment content more ginsenosides
- Roots size and shape have little effect on their ginsenosides concentration
Some researches have observed that in cultivated ginseng roots, the total ginsenoside (the active components of ginseng roots) concentration in roots increases with plant age over the lifetime of which the ginseng is in the ground. The most pronounced increase (about two thirds) occurs with the ginsenosides Rb1, mRb1, and Re. Total ginsenoside content increases from about 3% in year 1 to about 8% in year 4; and then it increases very slowly thereafter.
According to my own experiences, another factor may influences the ginsenoside concentration in the roots is their environment where they grown. More the environment prompt to plant diseases, more the root has higher concentration of ginsenosides. Wisconsin ginseng’s individual ginsenoside Rb1 is about 2.5%, but I regularly find roots from some farmers at about 3% that grown up in tough environment. For comparison, the Rb1 in wild ginsengs are over 3.5%. So I strongly believe that ginseng root produces ginsenosides to protect itself against diseases because most of the ginsenosides are found in its skin. That helps to explain why wild ginseng has such high concentration versus its cousin for the same root age.
一些研究已表明人参总皂苷（花旗参的有效成分）含量会随着花旗参在土地里的生长时间而逐年增加，尤其是人参皂苷Rb1, Rg1, 和Re，从花旗参生长的第一年起，总皂苷的含量约为3%，到第四年后，总皂苷含量可达到约8%，然而在第四年之后的生长中，皂苷含量的增加则趋于缓慢。
Root Size and Shape
No difference in total ginsenoside content of dried roots weight between 2 and 8 grams was observed in research trials. Roots smaller than 2 grams contain slightly more ginsenosides than larger roots. Believe it or not, the slender roots (ginseng fibers) contain the highest ginsenosides concentration.
Root shape (long, half short or short) was not found to affect either the individual or total ginsenoside concentration.
In conclusion, in ginsenoside concentration perspective, the big winner is the ginseng fibers. Order a free sample from us and check it out yourself!
Thanks for reading and best wishes from Wisconsin!
The Effect of Production Practices on the Quality of Ginseng Roots
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